Mountain States Society of Electron Microscopists &
Nickel microsegregation in high strength low alloy multi-pass submerged arc welds
Ni x-ray element mapping showing crystallization pattern in high strength low alloy welds. Horizontal zoning stem from reheating of previous weld metal passes and darker regions are known as heat affected zones, whereas the finer cellular and columnar dendritic zoning (vertical) is a product of segregation during solidification. Nickel is confirmed to be segregating to interdendritic regions during the solidification process using electron microprobe at the University of Colorado, Boulder.
Courtesy Kin-Ling Sham (Center of Welding, Joining, & Coatings Research at Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO).
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